Goals and Accomplishments

Clean Cities is on track to meet its goal of saving 2.5 billion gallons of petroleum per year by 2020. To achieve this goal, Clean Cities employs three strategies:

  • Replace petroleum with alternative and renewable fuels, including natural gas, propane, electricity, E85, biodiesel, and hydrogen
  • Reduce petroleum consumption through technologies and strategies that improve fuel efficiency
  • Eliminate petroleum use through idle reduction and other fuel-saving technologies and practices.

Impacts of Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies

Clean Cities coalitions and stakeholders have saved more than 8.5 billion gallons of petroleum since the program's inception in 1993. Clean Cities has helped deploy hundreds of thousands of alternative fuel vehicles and the fueling stations that serve a growing market. The program has also aided in the elimination of millions of hours of vehicle idling and helped accelerate the entry of new transportation technologies into the marketplace.

Clean Cities Cumulative Petroleum Savings

Since its inception in 1993, Clean Cities has eliminated the need for more than 8.5 billion gallons* of petroleum through alternative fuel use, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and other strategies. Source: Clean Cities annual metrics reports

*Petroleum savings include both gasoline and diesel fuel. Savings are measured in gasoline-gallon equivalents (GGEs), representing a quantity of fuel with the same energy content as a gallon of gasoline.

Petroleum Saved by Clean Cities
Year Annual Cumulative
2015 1079200000 8548000000
2014 1022000000 7470000000
2013 1008000000 6448000000
2012 907000000 5440000000
2011 805000000 4533000000
2010 645000000 3689000000
2009 670000000 3083000000
2008 412000000 2413000000
2007 375000000 2001000000
2006 360000000 1626000000
2005 250000000 1266000000
2004 233000000 1016000000
2003 156000000 782000000
2002 133000000 626000000
2001 119000000 494000000
2000 92000000 375000000
1999 87000000 283000000
1998 67000000 196000000
1997 43000000 128000000
1996 45000000 86000000
1995 26000000 41000000
1994 15000000 15000000

Petroleum Savings by Technology Type

In 2015, Clean Cities saved 732 million gallons of petroleum with the use of alternative fuel vehicles. Source: Clean Cities annual metrics reports

Petroleum Savings by Technology Type
Technology Type Million GGEs Saved
Natural Gas 455.33
HEVs, PHEVs, & EVs 91.88
Biodiesel 77.52
Ethanol 67.80
Propane 36.95
Idle Reduction 36.99
Fuel Economy 34.51
VMT Reduction 26.00
Off-Road 11.04
H2, Rnwl Diesel, & Rnwl Natural Gas 2.92

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Vehicle Inventory


Coalitions have made great strides in deploying alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) in the United States. In 2015, more than 790,500 of the AFVs on the road were deployed with help from Clean Cities efforts. Source: Clean Cities annual metrics reports

Clean Cities Alternative Fuel Vehicle Inventory
Fuel 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Biodiesel 31922 52275 91584 98785 17222 2814 88726 99347 103106 98028 130540 189823
Compressed Natural Gas 76257 49271 57458 55021 51121 44317 42911 48157 59521 79616 68479 107283
Ethanol (E85) 47643 72899 221834 385671 524169 642520 403981 479706 197187 259337 275508 271996
Hybrid Electric 10674 18553 43886 81987 101954 107585 30613 50503 141406 83339 82834 94330
Hydrogen 23 42 72 86 75 74 62 118 50 46 49 95
Liquefied Natural Gas 0 1873 2271 1731 2053 2038 3410 4315 3411 3645 2992 3974
Plug-In Electric 9241 7464 9481 5895 14135 4568 9223 10541 20455 32187 65042 96896
Propane 31338 21117 25543 23628 22260 7937 13196 18793 16501 35554 17404 22762
Renewable Natural Gas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 313 366
Renewable Diesel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3183

U.S. Alternative Fueling Station Inventory


Today's drivers can find thousands of fueling stations across the country that provide natural gas, electricity, ethanol, and other alternative fuels. Source: Alternative Fuels Data Center

U.S. Alternative Fueling Station Inventory
Fuel Type 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Biodiesel 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 16 79 142 176 304 459 742 645 679 644 627 675 757 783 721 697
Compressed Natural Gas 349 497 1042 1065 1419 1426 1268 1267 1217 1232 1166 1035 917 787 732 721 778 772 841 910 1107 1263 1495 1563 1725
Electric 0 0 0 188 194 310 486 490 558 693 873 830 671 588 465 442 430 465 541 3394 13392 19410 25602 30945 42011
Ethanol (E85) 2 7 32 37 68 71 40 49 113 154 149 188 200 436 762 1208 1644 1928 2142 2442 2553 2639 2840 2990 3090
Hydrogen 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 7 9 14 17 32 46 63 58 56 58 53 51 39 54
Liquefied Natural Gas 0 0 0 0 72 71 66 46 44 44 36 62 58 40 37 35 38 36 39 45 59 81 103 111 140
Methanol (M85) 43 50 82 88 95 106 91 51 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Propane 3297 3297 3299 3299 4252 4255 5318 4153 3268 3403 3431 3966 3689 2995 2619 2371 2175 2468 2647 2597 2654 2956 2931 3594 3665


Clean Cities marked a major milestone in 2013, celebrating 20 years of progress in cutting petroleum use in transportation.

Between 1993 and 2015, Clean Cities has funded more than 500 transportation projects nationwide through a competitive application process. Clean Cities has distributed $377 million in project awards, which have leveraged an additional $740 million in matching funds and in-kind contributions from other organizations in the public and private sectors.

Learn more about Clean Cities' strategies and goals in the five-year strategic plan.

National Award Recipients

The U.S. Department of Energy recognizes the accomplishments of Clean Cities coalitions and stakeholders through the Clean Cities Hall of Fame.